Ilha Formosa

In the 16th century, after passing Taiwan and seeing the greenness of luxuriant forests on the island, the Portuguese sailors first exclaimed, “Ilha Formosa!” which means beautiful island.

Taiwan's total land area is about 36,000 square kilometers (14,400 square miles). It is shaped like a leaf that is narrow at both ends. It lies off the southeastern coast of mainland Asia, across the Taiwan Strait from Mainland China - an island on the western edge of the Pacific Ocean. To the north is Japan; to the south is the Philippines. Many airlines fly to Taiwan, making it the perfect travel destination.

Area: 36,000 square kilometers
Population: 23 million
Language: Mandarin / Taiwanese / Hakka / Indigenous Languages
Religion: Buddhism / Taoism / Christianity / Islam

Taiwan lies on the western edge of the Pacific "rim of fire," and continuous tectonic movements have created majestic peaks, rolling hills and plains, basins, coastlines, and other natural landscapes. Taiwan's tropical, sub-tropical, and temperate climates provide clear differentiation between the different seasons. There are rare or endangered species of wildlife on the island. Among these are the land-locked salmon, Taiwan serow, Formosan rock monkey, Formosan black bear, blue magpie, Mikado pheasant, and Hsuehshan grass lizard.

The Taiwan government has established 9 national parks and 13 national scenic areas to preserve Taiwan's best natural ecological environment and cultural sites. There are various ways to discover the beauty of Taiwan. For example, trekking in the magnificence of the cliffs at Taroko Gorge; taking a ride on the Alishan Forest Railway and experiencing the breathtaking sunrise and sea of clouds; hiking up to the summit of Northeast Asia's highest peak, Mountain Yu (Yushan). You can also soak up the sun in Kenting, the East Asian Hawaii; stand at the edge of Sun Moon Lake; wander through the East Rift Valley; or visit the offshore islands of Kinmen and Penghu. It's fun in capital letters as well as an awesome journey of natural discovery.

Explore more travel ideas on Taiwan Tourism Bureau website.


The Tropic of Cancer runs straight through the middle of Taiwan bringing with it tropical and subtropical weather. Taiwan typically presents an average temperature is around 29 °C ( 85°F) to 23 °C ( 73°F). There is no severe cold in winter, but it has brutal heat and high humidity in summer.

Time Zone

Taiwan is 8 hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT+8).


Taipei’s unit of currency is the New Taiwan Dollar (NT$), which has five denominations in paper money and five in coins. Paper money comes in NT$2000, NT$1000, NT$500, NT$200, and NT$100 denominations. Coins come in NT$50, NT$20, NT$10, NT$5 and NT$1 denominations. The exchange rate in recent months is around NT$30 for US$1. Foreign currencies can be exchanged at the banks, airport, and hotels.



In Taiwan, the standard voltage is 110 V and the standard frequency is 60 Hz. The power sockets that are used are of type A / B. Visitors with appliances of different voltages are urged to bring adapters with them.

Socket types

Tipping and Tax

Tipping is not customary in Taiwan, but some hotels and restaurants automatically add a 10% service fee to the bill. Otherwise, there are no hard and fast rules. Sales tax (VAT) is included in the listed price in Taiwan.

VAT Refund Guidelines for Foreign Travelers
Eligible Applicants:

Taiwan Tax Refund

Foreign travelers who enter the R.O.C. with the following documents and stay for no more than 183 days from the date of Arrival:

  • Passport of a country other than the R.O.C.
  • R.O.C. passport without personal ID No. recorded.
  • Travel documents.
  • Exit and Entry permit.
  • Temporary entry permit (Note: only eligible for use in claims made at an international airport or port, not applicable for on-site or designated tax refund service outside of airports or ports).

Find out more Taiwan Tax Refund policies.

iTaiwan WI-FI

Taipei has been transformed into a “Smart City,” boasting over 9,000 free iTaiwan Wi-Fi spots. Apply Now.


Contact Telephone No.
Emergency Numbers(Free Service)-Police 110
Emergency Numbers(Free Service)-Fire, Ambulance 119
Emergency Numbers(Free Service)-Emergency Call (For Bad Cell Phone Reception) 112
Overseas Operator 100
Chinese Local Directory Assistance 104
Chinese Long Distance Directory Assistance 105
English-language Directory Assistance 106
Telephone Repair 123
Time 117
Weather 166
Traffic 168
Tourist Information Hotline +886-2-2717-3737
24-Hour Toll-Free Travel Information Call Center 0800-011-765
International Community Service Hotline 0800-024-111
Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport Terminal 1 Service Counter, Tourism Bureau +886-3-383-4631
Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport Terminal 2 Service Counter, Tourism Bureau +886-3-398-3341
Tourist Service Center, Kaohsiung International Airport, Tourism Bureau +886-7-805-7888~9
Board of Foreign Trade +886-2-2351-0271
Taiwan External Trade Development Council (TAITRA) +886-2-2725-5200
Taiwan Visitors Association +886-2-2594-3261
Ministry of Foreign Affairs +886-2-2348-2999
Police Radio Station +886-2-2388-8099

Overseas Offices

You can contact every local overseas office of Taiwan Tourism Bureau before you come.